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SPADVROUTE v1.2 - Deploying Cisco Service Provider Advanced Network Routing

Description

Deploying Cisco Service Provider Advanced Network Routing (SPADVROUTE) v1.2 is a course that provides network engineers and technicians with the knowledge and skills necessary to implement and support a service provider network.

The course focuses on using Cisco routers that are typically found in the service provider network and on various technologies that are used to offer different services to customers. Upon completing this course learners will be able to configure, verify, and troubleshoot advanced BGP configuration, IP multicasting, and IPv6 transition mechanisms.

The course also includes classroom activities with remote labs that are useful to gain practical skills on deploying Cisco IOS/IOS XE and Cisco IOS XR features to operate and support service provider network.

Objectives

After completing this course the student should be able to:

  • Configure the service provider network to support multiple BGP connections with customers and other autonomous systems
  • Describe common routing and addressing scalability issues in the service provider network
  • Describe available BGP tools and features to secure and optimize the BGP routing protocol in a service provider environment
  • Introduce IP multicast services and the technologies that are present in IP multicasting
  • Introduce PIM-SM as the most current scalable IP multicast routing protocol
  • Describe service provider IPv6 transition implementations

Prerequisites

  • Intermediate to advanced knowledge of Cisco IOS, IOS XE, and IOS XR Software configuration
  • Skills and knowledge equivalent to those learned in the following:
    • Building Cisco Service Provider Next-Generation Networks, Part 1 (SPNGN1) v1.2 course
    • Building Cisco Service Provider Next-Generation Networks, Part 2 (SPNGN2) v1.2 course
    • Deploying Cisco Service Provider Network Routing (SPROUTE) v1.2 course

Who Should Attend

The primary audience for this course is as follows:

  • This course is intended primarily for network administrators, network engineers, network managers, and systems engineers who would like to implement IP routing in service provider environments.

The secondary audience for this course is as follows:

  • This course is intended for network designers and project or program managers. This course is also recommended to all individuals preparing for CCNP SP certification.

Outline

Module 1: Service Provider Connectivity with BGP

      Lesson 1: Defining Customer-to-Provider Connectivity Requirements
      • Cisco IP NGN Architecture
      • Customer-to-Service Provider Connectivity Types
      • Single-Homed Customer Connectivity
      • Dual-Attached Customer Connectivity
      • Multihomed Customer Connectivity
      • Routing Schemes
      • Single-Homed Customer Routing Schemes
      • Dual-Attached Customer Routing Schemes
      • Multihomed Customer Routing Schemes
      • Addressing and AS Number Allocation
      • Single-Homed Customer IP Addressing Schemes
      • Dual-Attached Customer IP Addressing and AS Number Schemes
      • Multihomed Customer IP Addressing and AS Number Schemes

 

    Lesson 2: Connecting a Customer to a Service Provider
    • Implementing Customer Connectivity Using Static Routing
    • Single-Homed Customer Using Static Routing and a Single IP Address
    • Single-Homed Customer Using Static Routing and Multiple IP Addresses
    • Dual-Attached Customers Using Static Routing in a Primary and Backup Scenario
    • Dual-Attached Customers Using Static Routing in a Load-Balancing Scenario
    • Connecting a Dual-Attached Customer to a Single Service Provider
    • Conditional BGP Advertising
    • BGP Configurations on the Service Provider PE Router
    • Removing a Private AS Number
    • Dual-Attached Customers Using BGP
    • Service Provider Migrations Using Local AS
    • Dual-Attached Customers Using BGP in a Primary and Backup Scenario
    • Dual-Attached Customers Using BGP in a Load-Balancing Scenario
    • Connecting a Multihomed Customer to Multiple Service Providers
    • Customer-Implemented BGP Routing Policies in a Primary and Backup Scenario
    • Customer-Implemented BGP Routing Policies in a Load-Balancing Scenario
    • Service Provider-Aided BGP Routing Policy in a Primary and Backup Scenario

Module 2: Scale Service Provider Network

      Lesson 1: Scaling BGP in Service Provider Networks
      • Cisco IP NGN Infrastructure Layer
      • Service Provider Network Routing Protocols
      • Route Propagation in Service Provider Networks
      • Route Information Exchange Between Service Providers
      • Route Information Exchange with Customers
      • BGP Next-Hop Resolution with IGP
      • Scaling BGP Routing
      • Scaling Addressing in Service Provider Core Networks
      • BGP Policy Accounting

 

    Lesson 2: Introducing BGP Route Reflectors and Confederations
    • BGP Route Reflectors and BGP Confederations
    • BGP Split-Horizon Rule
    • Steps of Route Propagation in a Route Reflector-Enabled Network
    • Redundant Route Reflectors
    • Route Reflector Clusters
    • Additional Loop-Prevention Mechanism
    • Network Design with BGP Route Reflectors
    • Hierarchical Route Reflectors
    • Implementing BGP Route Reflectors
    • BGP Confederations Overview
    • AS Path Propagation Within BGP Confederation
    • Intraconfederation EBGP Session Properties

Module 3: Secure and Optimize BGP

      Lesson 1: Implementing Advanced BGP Operations
      • Cisco IP NGN Infrastructure Layer
      • Threats in Service Provider Environments
      • BGP Countermeasures Overview
      • BGP Route Limiting
      • BGP Neighbor Authentication
      • BGP TTL Security Check
      • Control Plane Policing
      • BGP Neighbor Authentication, TTL Security, and CoPP Configuration
      • Remote-Triggered Black-Hole Filtering
      • Destination-Based RTBH
      • Source-Based RTBH
      • Cisco Nonstop Forwarding
      • Cisco Nonstop Routing
      • BGP NSF and NSR Configuration
      • BGP Process Restart
      • Summary

 

      Lesson 2: Improving BGP Convergence
      • BGP Route-Dampening Overview
      • Configuring BGP Route Dampening
      • Verifying BGP Route Dampening
      • BGP Convergence
      • BGP Processes
      • Improving BGP Convergence
      • Distributed BGP
      • PMTU Discovery
      • PMTU Increasing Input Queue Depth
      • PMTU Discovery, Hold Queue, and Distributed BGP Configurations
      • BGP Prefix Independent Convergence
      • Bidirectional Forwarding Detection for BGP
      • BGP Timers and Intervals
      • Summary

 

    Lesson 3: Improving BGP Configuration Scalability
    • BGP Peer Groups Overview
    • BGP Peer Groups as Performance Tool
    • BGP Peer Groups Configuration
    • BGP Peer Groups Limitation
    • BGP Dynamic Update Groups
    • BGP Peer Templates Overview
    • BGP Configuration Templates
    • BGP Configuration Templates Inheritance
    • Configuring BGP Configuration Templates
    • BGP Configuration Templates Verification
    • BGP Peer Templates
    • BGP Peer Templates InheritanceBGP Peer Templates Configuration
    • BGP Peer Templates Verification
    • Summary

Module 4: Multicast Overview

      Lesson 1: Introducing IP Multicast
      • IP Multicast Benefits and Caveats
      • Multicast Operations High-Level Overview
      • Multicast Advantages and Disadvantages
      • Multicast Application Types
      • IP Multicast Group Address
      • IP Multicast Basic Addressing
      • RFC 2770 and SSM Addressing
      • Multicast Session Directory
      • IP Multicast Service Model
      • Functions of a Multicast Network
      • Multicast Source and Receivers
      • Multicast Protocols
      • Multicast Forwarding and RPF Check
      • Multicast Scoping

 

      Lesson 2: Defining Multicast Distribution Trees and Forwarding
      • RPF Check
      • Types of Multicast Distribution Trees
      • Multicast Distribution Tree Identification
      • Multicast Protocols Overview
      • PIM Dense Mode and Sparse Mode High-Level Overview
      • Intradomain Multicast Routing Protocols
      • Interdomain Multicast Routing Protocols
      • Multicast High-Availability Options
      • Multicast NSF with Stateful Failover
      • PIM Triggered Joins
      • IGMP Overview
      • IGMPv1 Overview
      • IGMPv2 Overview
      • IGMPv3 Overview
      • Summary

 

      Lesson 3: Defining Multicast on the LAN
      • Mapping Multicast IP Addresses to MAC Addresses
      • Layer 2 Multicast Frame Switching
      • Implementing IGMP
      • IGMP join-group and static-group
      • IGMPv3 Host Stack Feature
      • Configuring IGMP Snooping
      • IGMP Fast-Leave in a Switch
      • PIM Snooping

 

    Lesson 4: Populating the Mroute Table
    • The Mroute Table
    • Multiprotocol BGP
    • MP-BGP Capability Negotiation
    • MP-BGP Multicast Configuration
    • MP-BGP Multicast Verification

Module 5: Intradomain and Interdomain Multicast Routing

      Lesson 1: Introducing PIM-SM Protocol
      • PIM-SM in the Cisco IP NGN Infrastructure Layer
      • PIM-SM Shared Tree Join
      • PIM-SM Sender Registration
      • PIM-SM SPT Switchover
      • PIM-SM Packets
      • PIM-SM State Information
      • PIM-SM State Maintenance
      • Multicast Routing Table
      • PIM-SM OIL Rules
      • PIM-SM State Flags
      • PIM-SM Neighbor Discovery
      • PIM-SM Forwarding
      • PIM-SM Joining
      • PIM-SM Registering
      • PIM-SM Registering: Receiver Joins First Scenario
      • PIM-SM Registering: Source Starts First Scenario
      • PIM-SM Registering: Receivers Along the SPT Scenario
      • PIM-SM SPT Switchover Overview
      • PIM-SM SPT Switchover Process
      • PIM-SM Shared Tree Pruning Overview
      • PIM-SM Pruning Shared Tree Process
      • PIM-SM SPT Pruning Overview
      • PIM-SM Pruning SPT Process
      • Enable PIM-SM
      • Static RP
      • Finding PIM Neighbors and Checking RP Information
      • Troubleshooting PIM-SM Guidelines
      • Summary

 

      Lesson 2: Implementing PIM-SM Enhancements
      • Source Specific Multicast
      • SSM Scenario
      • SSM with IGMPv3
      • SSM Mapping
      • Configuring SSM
      • Bidirectional PIM
      • Bidirectional PIM Sources and Receivers
      • Bidirectional PIM Traffic Flow
      • Forwarding and Tree Building Process
      • DF Election Process
      • DF Election Messages
      • Initial Election
      • Winning the Election as DF
      • DF Loses Path to the RP
      • DF Dies and Other Metric Changes
      • Configuring Bidirectional PIM

 

      Lesson 3: Implementing Interdomain IP Multicast
      • Service Provider Multicast Requirements
      • GLOPStatic Allocation of 233/8
      • SSM Role in Interdomain IP Multicast
      • MSDP Role in Interdomain IP Multicast
      • Multicast Service Provider Requirements
      • MSDP Protocol
      • MSDP Concepts
      • MSDP Neighbor Relationship
      • MSDP Messages
      • MSDP SA Message Processing
      • MSDP SA Message Origination
      • MSDP MD5 Password Authentication
      • Configuring MSDP
      • Verifying MSDP

 

    Lesson 4: Identifying Rendezvous Point Distribution Solutions
    • Static RP Disadvantages
    • Dynamic RP Discovery Mechanisms
    • RP Placement
    • Auto-RP
    • Auto-RP Candidate RPs
    • Auto-RP Mapping Agents
    • Auto-RP Other Routers
    • Auto-RP Configuration
    • Auto-RP Troubleshooting
    • Auto-RP Scoping
    • Securing Auto-RP Using a Boundary
    • PIMv2 Bootstrap Router
    • PIMv2 BSR Candidate RPs
    • PIMv2 BSRs
    • PIMv2 BSR Election
    • Other PIMv2 BSR Routers
    • PIMv2 BSR Advertisement Process
    • PIMv2 BSR Configuration
    • PIMv2 BSR Verification
    • PIMv2 BSR Troubleshooting
    • BSR Hop-by-Hop Flooding
    • Constraining BSR Messages
    • Anycast RP
    • Anycast RP Example
    • Anycast RP Configuration
    • Anycast RP Configuration GuidelinesLesson 5: Module Summary

Module 6: Service Provider IPv6 Transition Implementations

      Lesson 1: Introducing IPv6 Services
      • Multicast in the Cisco IP NGN Infrastructure Layer
      • IPv6 Multicast Address Format
      • IPv6 Multicast Address Scope
      • IPv6 Solicited-Node Multicast Address Format
      • IPv6 Multicast Address with a Global Scope
      • IPv4 vs. IPv6 Multicast Comparison
      • PIMv6 Overview
      • Embedding the RP Address in an IPv6 Multicast Address
      • IPv6 Multicast Routing Configuration
      • IPv6 Multicast Listener Discovery
      • MLDv1 Messages
      • MLDv1 General Query Message
      • MLDv1 Report Message
      • MLDv1 Done Message
      • MLDv1 Address-Specific Query Message
      • MLDv2 Protocol
      • MLD Access Groups and Group Limits
      • MLD Configuration
      • MLD Verification
      • MLD Join-Group and Static-Group
      • MLD Snooping
      • DNS and DHCPv6 in the Cisco IP NGN Infrastructure Layer
      • DNS IPv6 Support
      • Dynamic DNS
      • DHCPv6 Operations
      • DHCPv6 Server Router Configuration
      • DHCPv6 Lite Operation (Stateless DHCPv6)
      • DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation
      • DHCPv6 Verification
      • QoS in the Cisco IP NGN Infrastructure Layer
      • IPv6 Header Fields Used for QoS
      • IPv6 Traffic Class Field
      • IPv6 Flow Label Field
      • IPv6 QoS Configuration
      • Cisco IOS Software Features
      • Cisco IOS IPv6 Telnet and SSH Server and Client Support
      • Cisco IOS IPv6 Tools
      • Cisco Discovery Protocol Support for IPv6
      • Cisco Express Forwarding for IPv6
      • IP Service Level Agreement (SLA) for IPv6
      • Configuring IP SLA

 

      Lesson 2: Defining IPv6 Transition Mechanisms
      • Dual Stack, CGN, and NAT64
      • Dual-Stack Operations Overview
      • Dual-Stack Considerations
      • Dual Stack with Carrier-Grade NAT
      • NAT444
      • Carrier-Grade NAT on Cisco Routers
      • NAT64
      • DNS64
      • Stateless NAT64
      • Stateful NAT64
      • Stateless versus Stateful NAT64 Comparison
      • Stateful NAT64 Configuration on ASR 1000
      • Static, Stateful NAT64 Configuration on ASR 1000
      • IPv6 Tunneling Mechanisms
      • Manually Configured Tunnels
      • GRE Tunnels
      • 6in4 Tunnels
      • 6in4 Tunnel Configuration
      • 6to4 Automatic Tunnels
      • 6to4 Considerations
      • 6to4 Configuration
      • 6RD Automatic Tunnels
      • 6RD Considerations
      • 6RD Configuration

 

    Lesson 3: Deploying IPv6 in the Service Provider Network
    • IPv6 Service Provider Deployment
    • Dual-Stack Option
    • Dual Stack Pros and Cons
    • Tunneling of IPv6 in IPv4
    • Tunneling of IPv6 in IPv4 Pros and Cons
    • Key Service Provider Strategies
    • IPv6 Services
    • IPv6 Address Allocation
    • IPv6 Address Selection Guidelines
    • IPv6 Broadband Access Services
    • FTTH Access Architecture
    • DSL Access Architecture
    • Cable Access Architecture

Lab Outline

Hardware Lab 1: Implement BGP Route Reflectors
This activity includes these tasks:

  • Verify the Existing BGP Sessions
  • Configure a Route Reflector and Internal BGP Session
  • Restrict Route Propagation to a Client

Hardware Lab 2: Implement BGP Security Options
This activity includes these tasks:

  • Implement BGP Neighbor Authentication Using Passwords
  • Implement BGP Neighbor Authentication Using Key Chains
  • Enable BGP TTL Security Check
  • Enable CoPP
  • Enable RTBH Filtering

Hardware Lab 3: Improve BGP Scalability
This activity includes these tasks:

  • Implement the BGP Configuration and Peer Templates
  • Limit the Number of Prefixes Received from a BGP Neighbor
  • Improve BGP Convergence by Changing the BGP Scan and Advertisement Interval
  • Implement BGP Route Dampening

Hardware Lab 4: Implement Layer 2 and Layer 3 Multicast
This activity includes these tasks:

  • Enable IGMP and MLD
  • Verify IGMP Snooping

Hardware Lab 5: Enable and Optimize PIM-SM
This activity includes these tasks:

  • Implement PIM-SM
  • Shared Tree FormationReceivers
  • Shared Tree FormationSources
  • Switching to the SPT

Hardware Lab 6: Implement PIM-SM Enhancements
This activity includes these tasks:

  • Implement PIM-SSM

Hardware Lab 7: Implement Rendezvous Point Distribution
This activity includes these tasks:

  • Enable OSPF Routing
  • Enable BSR
  • Enable Anycast RP

Hardware Lab 8: Implement a DHCPv6 Server with Prefix Delegation
This activity includes these tasks:

  • Configure a Prefix Delegation DHCPv6 Server and Client
  • Configure DHCPv6 Lite Server

Hardware Lab 9: Implement IPv6 Multicasting
This activity includes these tasks:

  • Create a New Loopback Interface and Verify Connectivity
  • Implement IPv6 Multicast Using Embedded RPs

Hardware Lab 10: Implement Tunnels for IPv6
This activity includes these tasks:

  • Configure a Static IPv6-in-IPv4 Tunnel
  • Configure Dynamic 6RD Tunnels